Health services

Why should fundamental Health Services form part of basic human rights in developing and mid income countries?

Health services present one of the key personal health rights. This phenomenon is a subject of day-to-day concern, hence require in-depth understanding.

Irrespective of their ethnic background, socioeconomic status, gender or age, human beings consider their health to be their most essential and basic asset.

health services

On the other hand, ill health may keep people from their daily activities such as work, performing their family responsibilities, or from taking part fully in the societal activities. Similarly, people are ready to make a lot of sacrifices if only such could guarantee them and their families a healthier and longer life. In general, when people talk about well-being, what they often have in mind is healthy.

The Right to Fundamental Health Services

The right to health is a basic component of human rights and of the human’s acceptance of a life with self-esteem. The right to enjoy the greatest possible average physical and mental health is not new. Globally, the 1946 Constitution of the WHO (World Health Organization) whose preamble describes health as a condition of wholeness mental, physical, and social welfare and not just the lack of illness or disability,” (World Health Organization, 2007) enjoying the greatest achievable standard of health are amongst the fundamental rights of every human with no discrepancy of race, religion, economic or social status, or political belief.

Generally, countries have various responsibilities with regard to the provision of human health care.

This website can provide indepth analysis on various health service delivery facilities across the globe. Moreover, they understand related researches and reporting that would support informed decision making.

First, it is the duty of every country to ensure treatments are accessible, available, and culturally acceptable and of good quality. Countries should do all they can rationally can to ensure that the existing medications are available in adequate amounts in their jurisdictions. Traditionally, research and development have not dealt with the essential health needs of middle-income and low-income nations (Hunt and Khosla, 2008).

Role of National Health Services Delivery

Therefore, within a context of international help and cooperation, all countries are obligated to take effective actions for promoting the development and availability of new medicines, vaccines as well as diagnostic tools for the conditions which cause a huge burden in developing nations. These are important aspects of health services delivery.

States are thus required to formulate various financial, economic and viable incentives for influencing research and development into special health needs. Overall, countries have both a responsibility to make sure that current medicines are available within their boundaries and they have a duty of taking reasonable measures to guarantee that much-required new drugs are created and thus become available (Mills, 2014). Also, the health care should be available in the sense that they must be accessible in every part of the country, they should be economically accessible, they should be accessible without discrimination on any illegal grounds like race or socioeconomic status, and reliable information regarding drugs should be accessible to health professionals and patients so that they may take well-informed decisions and make use of drugs safely (Hunt and Khosla, 2008). Also, the drugs and associated issues should be culturally acceptable and respect the medical ethics, along with being of good quality.

Health services

Countries as well have the mandate of combating vulnerability, inequality, and discrimination. The right to health calls for a state drug policy to be implemented to safeguard access to disadvantaged people and groups, including girls and women, ethnic minority and indigenous populaces, individuals living in poverty, HIV/AIDS, people who are internally displaced, the aging, persons with disabilities, prisoners and other groups of people in the society (Mills, 2014). Basically, a country should not discriminate anyone in the provision of health care.

Further, countries have responsibilities to fulfil, defend, and respect the right to the greatest obtainable average health. For instance, the duty to respect requires a nation to make sure that its drug policy is not discriminating against the disadvantaged groups. On the same token, the responsibility to safeguard obliges a country to make sure that third parties cannot hamper the enjoyment of the right to healthiness. Further, the obligation to fulfil obliges a country to offer the people who live in poverty with basic treatments when they are incapable of accessing them. Nations also have the responsibility of taking part in health policy making.


While creating its national medicine programs and policy, a country should take actions of ensuring that active as well as the informed participation of all the people affected, including professionals, rural communities, NGOs, consumer organizations, universities, patients and those who represent the disadvantaged groups. According to Jones and Kantarjian (2015), the main responsibility of implementing the right to health is in the hands of the state authorities in the country. The right to health leads to an important requirement of creating effective, transparent and accessible means of monitoring as well as accountability. The state health policy must thus be subjected to proper monitoring and accountability to ensure every citizen can access the necessary health care. Whether a country implements a supply system which is private, public or mixed, it has a legal responsibility of ensuring that there is a transparent, efficient and reliable system for supplying quality affordable drugs throughout its dominions (Mills, 2014). There should be no corruption and minimal wastage while ensuring people get good value for their money, and the supply system should be aligned to the current health needs of the people.

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It is the obligation of all countries to make sure there are quality health care and drugs, and the state should finance the drugs and all healthcare facilities. As stated by the United Nations Human Rights  Organization, a human right is a right inherent to every human being, whatever their language, religion, colour, ethnic or national origin, sex, place of residence, nationality, or any other status.  Even though the current national and global policies, institutions, and rules give rise to the enormous inequalities and deprivations in developing and mid-income nations, health services and human healthcare  remains a fundamental human right. It is the responsibility of every country to ensure that its citizens can access health care.


Hunt, P., &Khosla, R. (2008). The human right to medicines. Sur. RevistaInternacional de             DireitosHumanos5(8), 100-121.

Jones, G. H., &Kantarjian, H. (2015). Health care in the United States—basic human right or       entitlement?.

Mills, A. (2014). Health care systems in low-and middle-income countries. New England Journal of Medicine370(6), 552-557.

World Health Organization.(2007). Health and human rights.

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